2023 Impact factor 1.9

News

EPJ D Highlight - Electron-impact ionization calculations match with experiments

Visualising electron-impact ionization cross-sections

Through a new calculation approach, researchers have made far more accurate predictions of how atoms are ionized when impacted by high-energy electrons.

During electron-impact ionization (EII), high-energy electrons collide with atoms, knocking away one or more of their outer electrons. To calculate the probability that ionization will occur during these impacts, researchers use a quantity named the ionization ‘cross-section’. EII is among the main processes affecting the balance of charges in hot plasma, but so far, its cross-section has proven incredibly difficult to study through theoretical calculations.

Through new research published in EPJ D, Stefan Schippers and colleagues at Justus-Liebig University of Giessen, Germany, present new calculations for the EII cross-section, which closely match with their experimental results. Their discoveries could provide useful new insights in many fields of research where hot plasma is studied: including astrophysics and controlled nuclear fusion.

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EPJ D Topical Issue - Atomic and Molecular Data and Their Applications: ICAMDATA 2022

Guest Editors: Annarita Laricchiuta, Iouli E. Gordon, Christian Hill, Gianpiero Colonna and Sylwia Ptasinska

Atomic and Molecular Data and Their Applications: the generation, collection and diffusion of accurate and consistent atomic and molecular (AM) data is crucial in various fields of science and technology, requiring the cross-disciplinary cooperation of AM data producers and users and the coordination of AM data activities and databases.

The Topical Issue collects 20 papers, giving a snapshot of the efforts of the community in the field of data production and curation. The majority of the papers are focused on the theoretical derivation of structural properties of atoms and molecules and of dynamical data (cross sections and rate coefficients) for electron scattering and heavy-particle collision processes, with different approaches. Some papers presenting experimental activity are also included in the collection. Published results contribute to the construction of new knowledge and aim at giving answer to data needs in different fields of application, ranging from astrophysics and fusion plasmas to low-temperature plasmas for technological discharges and aerothermodynamics. Another relevant topic is the data collection and dissemination through the existing web infrastructures, establishing criteria and indicators for the critical and systematic analysis and formulating new paradigms and best practices.

This Topical Issue stems from the 12th International Conference on Atomic and Molecular Data and Their Applications (ICAMDATA), held in Mola di Bari (Italy) in September 2022.

All articles are available here and are freely accessible until 18 August 2024. For further information read the Editorial.

EPJ ST Highlight – Observing Flows at a Liquid-Liquid-Solid Intersection

Cameras and lasers measure the flow fields near a liquid-liquid moving contact line. Gupta et al. 2024

Experiments reveal how a liquid-liquid interface interacts with a moving contact line.

Most of us are familiar with the classic example of a liquid-gas moving contact line on a solid surface: a raindrop, sheared by the wind, creeps along a glass windscreen. The contact line’s movements depend on the interplay between viscous and surface tension forces - a relationship that has been thoroughly investigated in experimental fluid mechanics. In a study published in EPJ Special Topics (EPJ ST), Harish Dixit, of the Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad, and his colleagues now examine the movements of a contact line formed at the interface between two immiscible liquids and a solid. The experiments fill a gap in fluid dynamics and suggest a mechanism for an imposed boundary condition that eludes mathematical description.

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EPJ ST: Miroslav Dramićanin new Editor on board

The publishers are very pleased to announce that Prof. Miroslav Dramićanin has recently joined the EPJST Editorial Board.

Prof. Miroslav Dramićanin is a full professor of applied physics at the University of Belgrade and a research fellow at the Vinca Institute of Nuclear Sciences in Belgrade. His research group, the Optical Materials and Spectroscopy Group, is working on luminescent materials and nanomaterials for lighting and sensing. His primary interests are lanthanide and transition metal-activated phosphors, luminescence thermometry, and optical spectroscopy. He is an animal lover and environmental activist.

EPJ ST: Norbert Marwan new Editor on board

The publishers are very pleased to announce that Dr. Norbert Marwan has recently joined the EPJST Editorial Board.

Dr. Norbert Marwan is the deputy head of the Complexity Science department at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) in Potsdam, Germany. He also serves as a private docent at both the Institute of Physics and Astronomy and the Institute of Geosciences at the University of Potsdam. He studied Theoretical Physics at the Dresden University of Technology and earned his PhD from the University of Potsdam in 2003. Additionally, he is the organizer of the biennial International Symposium on Recurrence Plots.

His research interests encompass all aspects of investigating complex systems, nonlinear data analysis, and related interdisciplinary applications. One particular focus is on recurrence plot-related methods and studying palaeoclimate variability using speleothems. He has published more than 270 peer-reviewed research papers.

EPJ ST: John Weisend new Editor on board

The publishers are very pleased to announce that Dr. John Weisend has recently joined the EPJST Editorial Board.

John Weisend is currently a Senior Scientist in the Accelerator Division at the European Spallation Source in Lund, Sweden. He is also an Adjunct Professor of Engineering at Lund University. He received his Ph.D. in Nuclear Engineering & Engineering Physics from the University of Wisconsin – Madison. He has worked at the SSC Laboratory, the Centre D’Etudes Nucleaires Grenoble, the Deutsches Elecktronen-Synchrotron Laboratory (DESY), the Stanford Linear Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC), the National Science Foundation and Michigan State University.

Dr. Weisend’s interests include He II, cryogenic safety, large scale accelerator cryogenics and the development of large international science projects. He published various books including Superfluid, He is for Helium, Going for Cold (co-authored with T. Meaden), Cryogenic Safety (co-authored with T. Peterson), Cryogenic Two-Phase Flow (co-authored with N. Filina) and is an editor of the Handbook of Cryogenic Engineering and of Cryostat Design. He writes a regular column “Cryo Bios” for the publication Cold Facts. Dr. Weisend is a Co-Editor in Chief for the journal Interactions. He is a chair of the Cryogenic Society of America and the International Cryogenic Engineering Conference Board.

EPJ A Topical Collection: Precision Measurements in Nuclear Physics

Guest Editors: Klaus Blaum, Maria Jose Garcia Borge

The progress made in recent years on the precision frontier in the determination and prediction of ground and excited state nuclear properties has been amazing. The advances in technology mainly concerning ion traps, storage rings, lasers, high-precision frequency measurements, detectors, and particle beams as well as advances in atom and ion manipulation have allowed for major breakthroughs in the determination of fundamental parameters and quantities of radionuclides such as masses, electromagnetic moments, lifetimes and beta decay correlations. In a similar manner, significant progress has been made in the theoretical description of the nucleus and its properties.

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EPJ ST: Filippos Sofos new Editor on board

The publishers of The European Physical Journal Special Topics are pleased to announce the appointment of Dr Filippos Sofos as new Editor in the board.

Dr. FILIPPOS SOFOS is an Assistant Professor in Computational Condensed Matter Physics, at the Department of Physics, University of Thessaly, GR. He studied Electrical and Computer Engineering at the Democritus University of Thrace, GR, where he also obtained his MSc in Microelectronics and Digital Systems, and received his PhD from the Civil Engineering Department, University of Thessaly, GR. The topic of his PhD Thesis was related to the investigation of flows at the nano/micro-scale with the Molecular Dynamics method.

His research interests focus on the application of innovative machine learning methods in physical sciences, big data analysis, deep learning and super resolution, genetic programming, as well as numerical simulation methods in fluid mechanics and materials, multiscale modeling, nanofluidics, and computational Hydraulics. In these directions, he has published more than 100 journal and conference proceedings papers.

EPJ Plus expands and refines scope of geophysics section to become Earth System Physics

EPJ Plus has both expanded and refined the scope of its geophysics section to become Earth System Physics, which is encompassing all topics and methodologies that view the rapidly growing field of Earth System Science through the lens of physics. The aim is to offer a platform for discussing fresh perspectives and understanding of the dynamics and scales connecting geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere and the forming of environments and climates. At the same time the new scope wishes to recognize and foster the transformative potential of deep learning in the field - the connections between data scientists and geoscientist are still developing, and physically-informed AI represents not just an evolution in methodology but a paradigm shift in how to conceptualize and engage with Earth System Science.

For more information please read the Editorial by Antonio Navarra, the Managing Editor of this section.

EPJ PV Highlight - Prioritizing Circular Economy strategies for sustainable PV deployment at the TW scale

Representing the HEOM mathematical structure

Prioritizing Circular Economy strategies for sustainable PV deployment at the TW scale

The material demand and eventual end of life management associated with multi-TW scale photovoltaic (PV) deployment has elicited significant consternation in research communities and the public discourse. Circular Economy and it's associated R-Actions (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) have been proposed to mitigate end of life management and material sourcing concerns. However, Circular Economy studies and metrics typically focus on a single product scale, heavily emphasize recycling, and only consider mass, excluding energy flows – a major oversight for an energy generating technology. Leveraging the open-source PV in Circular Economy (PV ICE) tool, the article quantifies the mass and energy implications of different R-Actions and proposed sustainable PV module designs in the context of achieving energy transition deployment goals (75 TW in 2050, 86 TW in 2100). Specifically, 13 technology-based module scenarios are established varying module efficiency, lifetime, and material circularity. These 13 module scenarios are evaluated across 6 metrics; total deployment including replacements, virgin material demand, lifecycle wastes, energy demands, net energy generated, and energy balance.

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Editors-in-Chief
Pere Roca i Cabarrocas
and Jean-Louis Lazzari
ISSN: 2105-0716 (Electronic Edition)

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